Located in downtown Los Angeles, El Pueblo Historical Monument is the oldest section of Los Angeles and is the site where the City was first established in 1781. The forty-four acre park consists of numerous historic buildings, museums, two beautiful outdoor plazas and the world famous Mexican marketplace on Olvera Street. The Monument represents the rich history, culture and ethnic diversity that is the foundation of the City of Los Angeles.
El Pueblo de Los Angeles Monument is near the site of the early Los Angeles pueblo or town where forty-four settlers of Native American, African and European heritage journeyed more than one-thousand miles across the desert from present-day northern Mexico and established a farming community in September 1781. Since that time, Los Angeles has been under the flags of Spain, Mexico and the United States and has grown into one of the world's largest metropolitan areas. Today, as a department of the City of Los Angeles, El Pueblo is a living museum that continues to fulfill its unique role as the historic and symbolic heart of the city, reflecting the Native American, African American, Spanish, Anglo, Mexican, Chinese, Italian and French cultures that contributed to its early history. Of the monument's twenty-seven historic buildings, eleven are open to the public as businesses or have been restored as museums.